Advances in electronic textiles (E-textiles) for next-generation wearable electronics have originated from making a balance between electrical and mechanical properties of stretchy conductive fibers. Despite such progress, the trade-off issue is still a challenge when individual fibers are woven and/or stretched undesirably. Time-consuming fiber weaving has limited practical uses in scalable E-textiles. Here, a facile method is presented to fabricate ultra-stretchable Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs)/polyurethane (PU) hybrid conductive fibers by modulating solvent diffusion accompanied by in situ chemical reduction and adopting a tough self-healing polymer (T-SHP) as an encapsulation layer. First, the controlled diffusivity determines how formation of AgNPs is spatially distributed inside the fiber. Specifically, when a solvent with large molecular weight is used, the percolated AgNP networks exhibit the highest conductivity (30 485 S cm−1) even at 300% tensile strain and durable stretching cyclic performance without severe cracks by virtue of the efficient strain energy dissipation of T-SHP encapsulation layers. The self-bondable properties of T-SHP encapsulated fibers enables self-weavable interconnects. Using the new integration, mechanical and electrical durability of the self-bonded fiber interconnects are demonstrated while stretching biaxially. Furthermore, the self-bonding assembly is further visualized via fabrication of a complex structured E-textile.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
C.K. and D.S. contributed equally to this work. This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2017M3A7B4049466, NRF-2020R1C1C1005567), Priority Research Centers Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2019R1A6A1A11055660), and Yonsei-KIST Convergence Research Program (NRF-2019R1A6A1A11055660). D.S. provided informed consent prior to mounting the textile tattoo onto his skin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics