Self-management is critical and essential for controlling non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, delaying progression, and preventing complications. However, information about the self-management characteristics of this population is scarce. This study explores the characteristics and self-management levels and the factors associated with self-management in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Korea. A convenience sample of 150 patients diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was recruited from April to November 2019. Demographics and clinical findings were collected, and self-management, self-efficacy, fatigue, and depressive symptoms were assessed using questionnaires. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to examine the factors associated with self-management. Self-management levels were moderate (Mean = 3.4, SD = 0.61). Self-management differed significantly by age, sex, marital status, occupation, and health education experience. Self-efficacy (β = 0.074, p = 0.020) showed a significant association with self-management, which explained 25.0% of the variance after controlling for age, sex, marital status, health education experience, occupation, controlled attenuation parameter score, and body mass index. Self-efficacy is a critical determinant of self-management among patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The study findings could assist healthcare professionals in facilitating self-management compliance and developing multidisciplinary team-based interventions for sustainable self-management.
|Journal||International journal of environmental research and public health|
|Publication status||Published - 2023 Jan|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Brain Korea 21 FOUR project funded by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea, Yonsei University College of Nursing.
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (Grant no. 2017R1D1A1B04032264).
© 2022 by the authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis