A self-oscillating harmonic opto-electronic mixer based on a CMOS-compatible avalanche photodetector for fiber-fed 60-GHz self-heterodyne systems is demonstrated. The mixer is composed of an avalanche photodetector fabricated with 0.18-mu;m standard CMOS process and an electrical feedback loop for self oscillation. It simultaneously performs photodetection and frequency up-conversion of photodetected signals into the second harmonic self-oscillation frequency band. The avalanche photodetector and the mixer are characterized and analyzed, and the RF avalanche multiplication factor is investigated. In addition, conversion efficiency as well as internal conversion gain is determined, and bias conditions are optimized for the best self-oscillating harmonic opto-electronic mixer performance. Data transmission of 5-MS/s 32 quadrature amplitude modulation signals using self-oscillating harmonic opto-electronic mixer is successfully demonstrated.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received April 15, 2008; revised August 19, 2008. First published November 18, 2008; current version published December 05, 2008. This work was supported by the Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC), Korea, under the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) support program supervised by the Institute of Information Technology Advancement (IITA).
The authors acknowledge that the EDA software used in this work was supported by the IC Design Education Center (IDEC) of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering