Self-Standing N-Doped Inverse Opal Carbon via Ultrafast Polymerization of Polydopamine and its High Energy Storage Capability in Li-O2 Batteries

Heejun Kweon, Katie H. Lim, Hansung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

3D ordered N-doped carbon with an inverse opal nanostructure (cPDA-IO) is synthesized by the carbonization of polydopamine using self-assembled polystyrene as a template. The inverse opal structure provides an ideal architecture for storing the discharge product and transporting Li+ and oxygen. The direct current flow through the framework of the inverse opal structure, which does not contain any binder or conductive additives, decreases the electrode's electrical resistance and eliminates side effects associated with binder decomposition. The inverse opal structure made of N-doped carbon increases the catalytic activity by lowering the overpotential for the oxygen reduction reaction and oxygen evolution reaction. A Li-O2 battery fabricated using cPDA-IO as the cathode exhibits remarkably enhanced performance, such as a high specific capacity of 43※908 mAh g-1 cPDA-IO with a reversibility of 99.5% as well as stable cycling performance for up to 91 cycles under the harsh conditions of 500 mA g-1 carbon and a curtaining capacity of 1000 mAh g-1 carbon. Its good electrochemical performance can be attributed to the synergistic effects of the inverse opal structure, binder-free structure, and N-doped carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7791-7798
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume2
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 25

Fingerprint

Energy storage
Carbon
Polymerization
Binders
Oxygen
Acoustic impedance
Polystyrenes
Carbonization
Nanostructures
Catalyst activity
Cathodes
polydopamine
Decomposition
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "3D ordered N-doped carbon with an inverse opal nanostructure (cPDA-IO) is synthesized by the carbonization of polydopamine using self-assembled polystyrene as a template. The inverse opal structure provides an ideal architecture for storing the discharge product and transporting Li+ and oxygen. The direct current flow through the framework of the inverse opal structure, which does not contain any binder or conductive additives, decreases the electrode's electrical resistance and eliminates side effects associated with binder decomposition. The inverse opal structure made of N-doped carbon increases the catalytic activity by lowering the overpotential for the oxygen reduction reaction and oxygen evolution reaction. A Li-O2 battery fabricated using cPDA-IO as the cathode exhibits remarkably enhanced performance, such as a high specific capacity of 43{\^a}€»908 mAh g-1 cPDA-IO with a reversibility of 99.5{\%} as well as stable cycling performance for up to 91 cycles under the harsh conditions of 500 mA g-1 carbon and a curtaining capacity of 1000 mAh g-1 carbon. Its good electrochemical performance can be attributed to the synergistic effects of the inverse opal structure, binder-free structure, and N-doped carbon.",
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Self-Standing N-Doped Inverse Opal Carbon via Ultrafast Polymerization of Polydopamine and its High Energy Storage Capability in Li-O2 Batteries. / Kweon, Heejun; Lim, Katie H.; Kim, Hansung.

In: ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, No. 11, 25.11.2019, p. 7791-7798.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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