Semi-interpenetrating polymer network membranes based on a self-crosslinkable comb copolymer for CO2 capture

Na Un Kim, Byeong Ju Park, Min Su Park, Jung Tae Park, Jong Hak Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-performance, semi-interpenetrating polymer network (semi-IPN) membranes are prepared by incorporating a self-crosslinkable comb copolymer into the matrix of Pebax, a commercially available block copolymer with rigid polyamide blocks and soft polyethylene oxide blocks. The comb copolymer, poly(glycidyl methacrylate-g-polypropylene glycol)-co-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PGP-POEM) is synthesized via one-pot free-radical polymerization and undergoes epoxide-amine self-crosslinking reaction without any additional catalyst or thermal treatment. The structural, thermal, and mechanical properties as well as the gas-separation performance of the membrane are systematically investigated by varying the content of PGP-POEM in the Pebax matrix. As the PGP-POEM loading is increased, the CO2 permeability gradually increases without significant loss of CO2/N2 selectivity. The self-crosslinked PGP-POEM comb copolymer not only effectively degrades the crystalline structure of Pebax by disturbing the chain-packing but also provides numerous CO2-philic groups, resulting in both increased diffusivity and solubility of CO2. As compared to neat Pebax membrane, the semi-IPN membrane containing 40 wt% PGP-POEM exhibits approximately 2.5-fold enhancement in CO2 permeability (up to 236.6 Barrer) with similar CO2/N2 selectivity (38.8) as that of neat Pebax membrane. This work suggests that the semi-IPN membrane based on a self-crosslinkable comb copolymer has great promise for application in CO2 capture owing to its high performance and simple preparation process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1476
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume360
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Korea funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (NRF-2017K1A3A1A16069486, NRF-2017M1A2A2043448, NRF-2017R1A4A1014569).

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Korea funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (NRF-2017K1A3A1A16069486, NRF-2017M1A2A2043448, NRF-2017R1A4A1014569).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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