Sensititre MYCOTB MIC plate for testing mycobacterium tuberculosis susceptibility to first-And second-Line drugs

Jongseok Lee, Derek T. Armstrong, Willy Ssengooba, Jeong Ae Park, Yeuni Yu, Francis Mumbowa, Carolyn Namaganda, Gerald Mboowa, Germine Nakayita, Sandra Armakovitch, Gina Chien, Sang Nae Cho, Laura E. Via, Clifton E. Barry, Jerrold J. Ellner, David Alland, Susan E. Dorman, Moses L. Joloba

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Abstract

For Mycobacterium tuberculosis, phenotypic methods for drug susceptibility testing of second-line drugs are poorly standardized and technically challenging. The Sensititre MYCOTB MIC plate (MYCOTB) is a microtiter plate containing lyophilized antibiotics and configured for determination of MICs to first- and second-line antituberculosis drugs. To evaluate the performance of MYCOTB for M. tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing using the Middlebrook 7H10 agar proportion method (APM) as the comparator, we conducted a two-site study using archived M. tuberculosis isolates from Uganda and the Republic of Korea. Thawed isolates were subcultured, and dilutions were inoculated into MYCOTB wells and onto 7H10 agar. MYCOTB results were read at days 7, 10, 14, and 21; APM results were read at 21 days. A total of 222 isolates provided results on both platforms. By APM, 106/222 (47.7%) of isolates were resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampin. Agreement between MYCOTB and APM with respect to susceptibility or resistance was ≥92% for 7 of 12 drugs when a strict definition was used and ≥96% for 10 of 12 drugs when agreement was defined by allowing a±one-well range of dilutions around the APM critical concentration. For ethambutol, agreement was 80% to 81%. For moxifloxacin, agreement was 83% to 85%; incorporating existing DNA sequencing information for discrepant analysis raised agreement to 91% to 96%. For MYCOTB, the median time to plate interpretation was 10 days and interreader agreement was ≥95% for all drugs. MYCOTB provided reliable results for M. tuberculosis susceptibility testing of first- and second-line drugs except ethambutol, and results were available sooner than those determined by APM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Lee, J., Armstrong, D. T., Ssengooba, W., Park, J. A., Yu, Y., Mumbowa, F., Namaganda, C., Mboowa, G., Nakayita, G., Armakovitch, S., Chien, G., Cho, S. N., Via, L. E., Barry, C. E., Ellner, J. J., Alland, D., Dorman, S. E., & Joloba, M. L. (2014). Sensititre MYCOTB MIC plate for testing mycobacterium tuberculosis susceptibility to first-And second-Line drugs. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(1), 11-18. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01209-13