The field of sentence processing is the study of the processes by which readers and listeners comprehend the meaning of sentences. This article reviews issues related to the cognitive architectures and mechanisms underlying sentence processing. The article also discusses factors that can give rise to processing difficulty like ambiguity, locality, and predictability.The field of sentence processing is the study of the cognitive processes that underlie the comprehension of sentences. This article reviews issues related to the architectures and mechanisms underlying this process. We discuss two theories of sentence processing: the garden-path model and constraint-based models as well as how various sorts of linguistic information, including syntax, context, frequency, and prosody, influence language understanding. Finally, we discuss factors that can give rise to processing difficulty and review current theories of how probability, locality, and ambiguity affect linguistic complexity.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Human Behavior|
|Subtitle of host publication||Second Edition|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Jan 1|
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