To assess the role of Bcl-X(L) and its splice derivative, Bcl-X(S), in staurosporine-induced cell death, we used a dopaminergic cell line, MN9D, transfected with bcl-X(L) (MN9D/Bcl-X(L)), bcl-x(S) (MN9D/Bcl-X(S)), or control vector (MN9D/Neo). Only 8.6% of MN9D/Neo cells survived after 24 h of 1 μM staurosporine treatment. Caspase activity was implicated because a caspase inhibitor, N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone (Z- VAD-fmk), attenuated staurosporine-induced cell death. Bcl-X(L) rescued MN9D cells from death (89.4% viable cells), whereas Bcl-X(S) had little or no effect. Bcl-X(L) prevented morphologically apoptotic changes as well as cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) induced by staurosporine. It is interesting that a small Bax-immunoreactive protein appeared 4-8 h after PARP cleavage in MN9D/Neo cells. The appearance of the small Bax-immunoreactive protein, however, may be cell type-specific as it was not observed in PC12 cells after staurosporine treatment. The sequential cleavage of PARP and the appearance of the small Bax-immunoreactive protein in MN9D cells were blocked either by Z-VAD-fmk or by Bcl-X(L). Thus, our present study suggests that Bcl-X(L) but not Bcl-X(S) prevents staurosporine-induced apoptosis by inhibiting the caspase activation that may be directly or indirectly responsible for the appearance of the small Bax-immunoreactive protein in some types of neurons.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience