Sequential Tc-99m MDP bone scans after cementless total hip arthroplasty in asymptomatic patients

Hee Soo Kim, Jin Suck Suh, Chang Dong Han, Young Hoo Kim, Jong Doo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the distribution and degree of radioactivity on sequential Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (Tc-99m MDP) scans in the diagnosis of postoperative loosening in asymptomatic patients who underwent cementless total hip replacement. Material and Methods: Tc-99m MDP scans were obtained every three months where possible, for one year in those patients who underwent total hip replacement using a Harris Galante cementless prosthesis. Eighty-three scans from 45 patients were obtained. Uptake was assessed within the five periprosthetic zones (zone 1: greater trochanter; 2: lateral stem of the prosthesis; 3: tip of the prosthesis; 4: medial stem of the prosthesis; and 5: lesser trochanter) using an arbitrary 5-point grading system. Grade I indicated normal uptake and Grade 5 indicated highest uptake. The grade of uptake within each zone was then analyzed against their postoperative ages. Results: The radioactivity regressed to Grade 1 or 2 from Grade 4 or 5 within 12 months after cementless total hip replacement in 87.5% and 93.8% of patients in zones 2 and 4, respectively. Even though the radioactivity within zones 1, 3, and 5 tended to decrease, persistent elevation of activity (over grade 2) lasted up to 12 months after surgery in 31% or 37% of the patients. Conclusion: The radioactivity after cementless total hip replacement tended to regress in proportion to the postimplant age. The regression rate varied depending on the periprosthetic zones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalClinical nuclear medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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