Morphologic changes of small-sized post-stent malapposition have not been sufficiently evaluated. We investigated serial changes of minimal post-stent malapposition with a follow-up optical coherence tomography (OCT) study. Post-stent OCT and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and follow-up OCT were performed in 26 patients with minimal post-stent malapposition. Serial changes of number and percent of malapposition struts, and mean extra-stent malapposition area were measured in OCT analysis. Zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES), sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), and paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) were deployed in 17, 7 and 2 patients, respectively. Mean durations of the follow-up OCT study were 5.7 ± 3.0 months. The minimal post-stent malapposition cannot be detected by the IVUS, but be visualized with an OCT examination. According to different drug-eluting stents, malapposed stent struts were defined as the struts with detachment from the vessel wall ≥160 μm for SES, ≥130 μm for PES, and ≥110 μm for ZES. The percent of malapposition struts significantly decreased from 12.2 ± 11.0% post-stent to 1.0 ± 2.2% follow-up (P < 0.001). There was a significant decrease in the mean extra-stent malapposition area from 0.35 ± 0.16 mm2 post-stent to 0.04 ± 0.11 mm2 follow-up (P < 0.001). Complete disappearance of stent malapposition was also observed in 22 (85%) patients. In conclusion, minimal stent malapposition which is not detectable by IVUS may disappear or decrease in follow-up OCT evaluation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was partly supported by a grant of the Korea Healthcare technology R&D Project, Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs, Republic of Korea (No. A085012 and A000385), a grant of the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (No. A085136), and the Cardiovascular Research Center, Seoul, Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine