Serum and cerebrospinal fluid neuron-specific enolase for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis

Tae Jin Song, Young Chul Choi, Kyung Yul Lee, Won Joo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Late diagnosis and treatment lead to high mortality and poor prognosis in tuberculous meningitis (TbM). A rapid and accurate diagnosis is necessary for a good prognosis. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) has been investigated as a biochemical marker of nervous tissue damage. In the present study, the usefulness of NSE was evaluated, and a cut-off value for the differential diagnosis of TbM was proposed. Materials and Methods: Patient charts were reviewed for levels of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NSE, obtained from a diagnostic CSF study of samples in age- and gender-matched TbM (n=15), aseptic meningitis (n=28) and control (n=37) patients. Results: CSF/serum NSE ratio was higher in the TbM group than those of the control and aseptic groups (p=0.001). In binary logistic regression, CSF white blood cell count and CSF/serum NSE ratio were significant factors for diagnosis of TbM. When the cut-off value of the CSF/serum NSE ratio was 1.21, the sensitivity was 86.7% and the specificity was 75.4%. Conclusion: The CSF/serum NSE ratio could be a useful parameter for the early diagnosis of TbM. In addition, the authors of the present study suggest a cut-off value of 1.21 for CSF/serum NSE ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1068-1072
Number of pages5
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 1

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Meningeal Tuberculosis
Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Serum
Aseptic Meningitis
Nerve Tissue
Delayed Diagnosis
Leukocyte Count
Early Diagnosis
Differential Diagnosis
Biomarkers
Logistic Models
Control Groups
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Song, Tae Jin ; Choi, Young Chul ; Lee, Kyung Yul ; Kim, Won Joo. / Serum and cerebrospinal fluid neuron-specific enolase for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. In: Yonsei medical journal. 2012 ; Vol. 53, No. 6. pp. 1068-1072.
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abstract = "Purpose: Late diagnosis and treatment lead to high mortality and poor prognosis in tuberculous meningitis (TbM). A rapid and accurate diagnosis is necessary for a good prognosis. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) has been investigated as a biochemical marker of nervous tissue damage. In the present study, the usefulness of NSE was evaluated, and a cut-off value for the differential diagnosis of TbM was proposed. Materials and Methods: Patient charts were reviewed for levels of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NSE, obtained from a diagnostic CSF study of samples in age- and gender-matched TbM (n=15), aseptic meningitis (n=28) and control (n=37) patients. Results: CSF/serum NSE ratio was higher in the TbM group than those of the control and aseptic groups (p=0.001). In binary logistic regression, CSF white blood cell count and CSF/serum NSE ratio were significant factors for diagnosis of TbM. When the cut-off value of the CSF/serum NSE ratio was 1.21, the sensitivity was 86.7{\%} and the specificity was 75.4{\%}. Conclusion: The CSF/serum NSE ratio could be a useful parameter for the early diagnosis of TbM. In addition, the authors of the present study suggest a cut-off value of 1.21 for CSF/serum NSE ratio.",
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Serum and cerebrospinal fluid neuron-specific enolase for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. / Song, Tae Jin; Choi, Young Chul; Lee, Kyung Yul; Kim, Won Joo.

In: Yonsei medical journal, Vol. 53, No. 6, 01.11.2012, p. 1068-1072.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Serum and cerebrospinal fluid neuron-specific enolase for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis

AU - Song, Tae Jin

AU - Choi, Young Chul

AU - Lee, Kyung Yul

AU - Kim, Won Joo

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N2 - Purpose: Late diagnosis and treatment lead to high mortality and poor prognosis in tuberculous meningitis (TbM). A rapid and accurate diagnosis is necessary for a good prognosis. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) has been investigated as a biochemical marker of nervous tissue damage. In the present study, the usefulness of NSE was evaluated, and a cut-off value for the differential diagnosis of TbM was proposed. Materials and Methods: Patient charts were reviewed for levels of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NSE, obtained from a diagnostic CSF study of samples in age- and gender-matched TbM (n=15), aseptic meningitis (n=28) and control (n=37) patients. Results: CSF/serum NSE ratio was higher in the TbM group than those of the control and aseptic groups (p=0.001). In binary logistic regression, CSF white blood cell count and CSF/serum NSE ratio were significant factors for diagnosis of TbM. When the cut-off value of the CSF/serum NSE ratio was 1.21, the sensitivity was 86.7% and the specificity was 75.4%. Conclusion: The CSF/serum NSE ratio could be a useful parameter for the early diagnosis of TbM. In addition, the authors of the present study suggest a cut-off value of 1.21 for CSF/serum NSE ratio.

AB - Purpose: Late diagnosis and treatment lead to high mortality and poor prognosis in tuberculous meningitis (TbM). A rapid and accurate diagnosis is necessary for a good prognosis. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) has been investigated as a biochemical marker of nervous tissue damage. In the present study, the usefulness of NSE was evaluated, and a cut-off value for the differential diagnosis of TbM was proposed. Materials and Methods: Patient charts were reviewed for levels of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NSE, obtained from a diagnostic CSF study of samples in age- and gender-matched TbM (n=15), aseptic meningitis (n=28) and control (n=37) patients. Results: CSF/serum NSE ratio was higher in the TbM group than those of the control and aseptic groups (p=0.001). In binary logistic regression, CSF white blood cell count and CSF/serum NSE ratio were significant factors for diagnosis of TbM. When the cut-off value of the CSF/serum NSE ratio was 1.21, the sensitivity was 86.7% and the specificity was 75.4%. Conclusion: The CSF/serum NSE ratio could be a useful parameter for the early diagnosis of TbM. In addition, the authors of the present study suggest a cut-off value of 1.21 for CSF/serum NSE ratio.

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