Objective: Epidemiological studies on the association of serum oestradiol levels and inflammatory markers have reported inconsistent and conflicting results. Therefore, we investigated the association between serum oestradiol and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in women on the basis of their menopausal status. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined the association between serum oestradiol and CRP levels on the basis of menopausal status in 151 premenopausal women aged 42.7 ± 6.7 years and 394 postmenopausal women aged 58.1 ± 6.7 years who participated in a health examination program. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted using CRP levels as the dependent variable. Results: Multiple linear regression analysis showed that serum oestradiol levels were inversely associated with CRP levels in premenopausal women (β coefficient = −0.298) after adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking, mean arterial pressure, and levels of fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase. However, this association was not found in postmenopausal women after adjusting for the same confounding factors. Conclusions: Serum oestradiol levels are inversely associated with CRP levels in premenopausal women, but not in postmenopausal women. Lower oestrogenic activity may at least partly contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation, particularly in premenopausal women.
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© The Author(s) 2020.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, medical
- Cell Biology