Carbon dioxide concentration is steadily increasing in large cities. Consequently, durability evaluation of RC (Reinforced Concrete) structures considering carbonation is becoming a serious issue. Construction joints are used for the effective construction of concrete structures. However, cold joints which are caused by delayed placing and poor surface treatment are vulnerable to shear force and the inflow of carbon dioxide. In this study, an accelerated carbonation test was performed for normal-strength concrete using NPC (Normal Portland Cement) and slag after applying tensile and compressive stresses. The carbonation characteristics were quantified considering the effects of cold joint and the induced stress, and structural analysis was performed using the section laminae approach for a 2-span continuous reinforced concrete T-beam bridge. The service life of top and bottom concretes was evaluated considering the calculated stress, existing carbonation velocity equation, and carbonation function according to the stress. The service life showed a similar trend to that of the applied moment. Changes of 103.6%–64.7% (NPC) and 78.0%–108.8% (slag) were observed on the top surface, whereas changes of 103.8%–65.9% (NPC) and 112.9%–79.6% (slag) were observed on the bottom surface. The service life significantly decreased owing to the increasing carbonation depth for the cold joint in the tension part. This suggests that special care should be taken for cold joints during maintenance.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (No. 2015R1A5A1037548 ), and (NRF-2016R1D1A1A09919224).
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)