There has been controversy over the disparity between men and women with regard to the management and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction. Analyzing nationwide multicenter prospective registries in Korea, the aim of this study was to determine whether female gender independently imposes a risk for mortality. Data from 14,253 patients who were hospitalized for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction from November 2005 to September 2010 were extracted from registries. Compared to men, women were older (mean age 56 ± 12 vs 67 ± 10 years, p <0.001), and female gender was associated with a higher frequency of co-morbidities, including hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. Women had longer pain-to-door time and more severe hemodynamic status than men. All-cause mortality rates were 13.6% in women and 7.0% in men at 1 year after the index admission (hazard ratio for women 2.01, 95% confidence interval 1.80 to 2.25, p <0.001). The risk for death after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction corresponded highly with age. Although the risk remained high after adjusting for age, further analyses adjusting for medical history, clinical performance, and hemodynamic status diminished the gender effect (hazard ratio 1.00, 95% confidence interval 0.86 to 1.17, p = 0.821). Propensity score matching, as a sensitivity analysis, corroborated the results. In conclusion, this study shows that women have a comparable risk for death after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction as men. The gender effect was accounted for mostly by the women's older age, complex co-morbidities, and severe hemodynamic conditions at presentation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Korean Center for Disease and Prevention ( KCDC 2011E6300200 ) and the Seoul National University R&DB foundation ( 800 to 20,080,685 and 800 to 20,100,371 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine