Sex hormones establish a reserve pool of adult muscle stem cells

Ji Hoon Kim, Gi Chan Han, Ji Yun Seo, Inkuk Park, Wookjin Park, Hyun Woo Jeong, Su Hyeon Lee, Sung Hwan Bae, Jinwoo Seong, Min Kyu Yum, Sang Hyeon Hann, Young Guen Kwon, Daekwan Seo, Man Ho Choi, Young Yun Kong

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quiescent satellite cells, known as adult muscle stem cells, possess a remarkable ability to regenerate skeletal muscle following injury throughout life. Although they mainly originate from multipotent stem/progenitor cells of the somite, the mechanism underlying the establishment of quiescent satellite cell populations is unknown. Here, we show that sex hormones induce Mind bomb 1 (Mib1) expression in myofibres at puberty, which activates Notch signalling in cycling juvenile satellite cells and causes them to be converted into adult quiescent satellite cells. Myofibres lacking Mib1 fail to send Notch signals to juvenile satellite cells, leading to impaired cell cycle exit and depletion. Our findings reveal that the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis drives Mib1 expression in the myofibre niche. Moreover, the same axis regulates the re-establishment of quiescent satellite cell populations following injury. Our data show that sex hormones establish adult quiescent satellite cell populations by regulating the myofibre niche at puberty and re-establish them during regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)930-940
Number of pages11
JournalNature Cell Biology
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology

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    Kim, J. H., Han, G. C., Seo, J. Y., Park, I., Park, W., Jeong, H. W., Lee, S. H., Bae, S. H., Seong, J., Yum, M. K., Hann, S. H., Kwon, Y. G., Seo, D., Choi, M. H., & Kong, Y. Y. (2016). Sex hormones establish a reserve pool of adult muscle stem cells. Nature Cell Biology, 18(9), 930-940. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb3401