Shape-memory alloys (SMAs) for warming or cooling in protective clothing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


The principles of shape-memory alloys (SMAs) are described and their innovative use in SMA springs, used to ensure a constant air gap between fabric layers in intelligent heat- or cold-protective clothing is explored. Springs made from nitinol have a two-way shape-memory effect in both hot and cold environments, enabling sensing, actuating, and controlling of the microclimate temperature of the clothing system without any external power supply. The effects of concentration of Ni and Ti, treatment temperature and time, wire diameter, spring diameter and the pitches of the springs, are examined in terms of the sensing and actuating temperature and thickness of the air gap. A human-clothing-environment simulator is described.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProtective Clothing
Subtitle of host publicationManaging Thermal Stress
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9781782420408
ISBN (Print)9781782420323
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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    Kim, E. (2014). Shape-memory alloys (SMAs) for warming or cooling in protective clothing. In Protective Clothing: Managing Thermal Stress (pp. 250-280). Elsevier Inc..