Shared leadership and team creativity: a team level mixed-methods study

Lei Xie, Soo Jeoung Han, Michael Beyerlein, Jiacheng Lu, Lillian Vukin, Rodney Boehm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This paper aims to conduct two studies to investigate shared leadership and team creativity (TC) in leaderless short-term project teams (STPTs). Design/methodology/approach: To answer the research question, this paper used a multi-level mixed-methods design. This paper analyzed video recordings, transcripts of STPTs’ collaboration and self-report surveys from an international engineering competition. In Study 1, this paper attempted to connect relation-oriented shared leadership (ROSL) and task-oriented shared leadership (TOSL) with TC by coding video recordings. In Study 2, this paper further investigated the proposed positive relationship between shared leadership and TC by surveying a sample of 166 students in 51 teams. Findings: In Study 1, this paper found that shared leadership covaries with TC following a similar behavioral pattern. In Study 2, multi-level structural equation modeling results suggested that both TOSL and ROSL are positively correlated with TC. Originality/value: In this mixed-methods multi-level research, this paper found that when the team’s shared leadership increases, their TC activity becomes frequent. This paper confirmed the qualitative finding by quantitatively investigated the relationship between shared leadership and creativity at the team level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-523
Number of pages19
JournalTeam Performance Management
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 22

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Management Information Systems
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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