This paper proposes a microfluidic channel for particle focusing that uses a microstructure on the bottom of the channel. Particles can be effectively focused in channels with bottom structures because of microvortex induced by the structure. Microchannels with top structures (top type) and bottom structures (bottom type) were fabricated. The focusing ratios in the focusing region (one-eighth of the channel width) were 86 % in top type and 89 % in bottom type at a flow rate of 1 ul/min. When the flow rate was increased to 5 μl/min, particles in top type were barely focused, whereas particles in bottom type were focused with a focusing ratio of approximately 80 %. We also evaluated the effect of a slanted angle for the microstructures. The comparative experiment was conducted with microstructures fabricated at slanted angle intervals of 20° (20°, 40°, 60°, and 80°) and 10°. The results indicated that the slanted angle (20°) required a small number of microstructures to direct the sample to the focusing region. For microstructures with a 20° slanted angle, the sample was focused after passing through 20 microstructures (10 mm). However, microstructures with an angle of 80° needed over 70 microstructures (over 23 mm) to direct the particle. In this sense, a microchannel with microstructures slanted at 20° is applicable to miniaturized devices. These results show that the microchannel with bottom structures slanted 20° can be used to effectively focus samples with advantages of applying various ranges of flow rates and miniaturizing devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry