PurposeLong-standing prosthetic eye wearing induces ocular surface inflammation. We investigated the short-term effects of topical cyclosporine A 0.05% (Restasis) in patients with ocular discomfort resulting from long-standing prosthetic eye wearing.MethodsThis was a prospective, interventional case series. Patients who were unilateral prosthetic eye wearers over a period of 5 years were enrolled at a single institution from March to July 2013. The subjects were instructed to instill topical cyclosporine A 0.05% twice per day. Measurements were made pre-treatment and after 1 and 3 months of treatment. Outcome measures were the ocular symptom score, the lid margin abnormality score, the Schirmer test, and the tear meniscus amount, using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography.ResultsIn total, 20 consecutive patients (mean age: 60.1 years, 8 males, 12 females) were included. Ocular symptoms were improved after treatment for 1 month in all patients (ocular symptom score pre-treatment 76.83 vs 46.75 after treatment; P<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in lid margin abnormality score or tear meniscus amount. The Schirmer test results were improved after treatment for 3 months (pre- and after treatment, 6.70 vs 11.40; P<0.001).ConclusionsTopical cyclosporine A 0.05% showed a satisfactory effect in long-standing prosthetic eye wearers. Ocular symptoms were markedly relieved in all subjects after treatment for 1 month.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge the statistical support of Ji Sung Lee, Biostatistician, Biostatistical Consulting Unit, and Soonchunhyang University Medical Center. This study was supported by the Soonchunhyang University Research fund.
© 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems