Aims In this study, we tested the hypothesis that intraocular pressure (IOP) parameters measured by dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) would be more relevant in progression of glaucoma when there is a history of laser refractive surgery (LRS) than the IOP parameters measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) or calculated by correction formulae. Methods Ninety-eight eyes in 54 patients with open-angle glaucoma and a history of LRS were included in this retrospective study. IOP was measured by both GAT and DCT during follow-up. Baseline, mean, and peak IOP, IOP fluctuation, and IOP reduction were measured by each tonometry method. Corrected IOP parameters using central corneal thickness and mean keratometry values were also analysed. Clustered logistic regression was used to identify variables correlated with progression of glaucoma. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for correlated variables were also compared. Results The mean DCT value (OR 1.36, p=0.024), peak DCT value (OR 1.19, p=0.02) and pattern SD (OR 1.10, p=0.016) were significant risk factors for progression. There was a significant difference in the predictive ability of the mean DCT and GAT values (AUC 0.63 and 0.514, respectively; p=0.01) and of the peak DCT and GAT values (0.646 and 0.503, respectively, p=0.009). The AUCs for corrected IOP did not exceed those of DCT. Conclusions IOP measurements were more associated with progression of glaucoma when measurements were obtained by DCT than by GAT or correction formulae in eyes with a history of LRS.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience