Youth–police encounters are common in the United States, with potentially serious mental health ramifications requiring social supports to cope. Still, no research has examined youth disclosure of these experiences to others. Using a national sample of youth stopped by police (N = 918; 56.09% Black, 20.48% Hispanic), we find that more than two-thirds disclosed police encounters—most commonly to mothers. Even so, disclosure became less likely as perceptions of procedural injustice, social stigma, and legal cynicism increased. Among youth who disclosed stops but not to parents, disclosure to friends was common (61.18%), whereas disclosure to nonparent adults was not. Enhanced training for teachers, school counselors, and community leaders may improve youth outcomes by facilitating additional opportunities for disclosure and support.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Research on Adolescence|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Sept|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding for the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study was provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development through Grants R01HD36916, R01HD39135, and R01HD40421 as well as a consortium of private foundations (see http://www.fragilefamilies.princeton.edu/funders.asp for the complete list).
© 2021 Society for Research on Adolescence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cultural Studies
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Behavioral Neuroscience