Synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) doped silica xerogel films was reported in this work. A crucial step of introducing MWCNTs was achieved by functionalizing them by acid treatment to form stable and homogenous SiO 2/MWCNTs sol. Scanning electron microscopy showed spherical particles in honeycomb network structure for undoped xerogel films whereas dispersion and wrapping of MWCNTs in silica matrix was observed for MWCNTs doped films. Various bond formations during the sol-gel process and surface modification were confirmed using Fourier transform infra-red and detailed study on the chemical bonding state of the films was carried out using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Nanoindentation studies showed that the mechanical properties of MWCNTs doped xerogel film increase dramatically: higher modulus (E = 2.127 ± 0.095 GPa) and hardness (H = 0.035 ± 0.017 GPa) values than those of pristine xerogel film (E = 0.234 ± 0.058 GPa, H = 0.01 ± 0.003 GPa).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry