Silylation of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel using trimethylethoxysilane as alternative surface modification agent

Ha Yoon Nah, Vinayak G. Parale, Kyu Yeon Lee, Haryeong Choi, Taehee Kim, Chang Hyun Lim, Ji Yeon Seo, Yang Seo Ku, Jae Woo Park, Hyung Ho Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trimethylethoxysilane (TMES) has been recognized as a good co-precursor to increase the degree of hydrophobicity during the synthesis of a silica aerogel because of its methyl groups. Therefore, some physical properties of silica aerogels, including the contact angle and porosity, were investigated using TMES as a co-precursor at different molar ratios with the main precursor such as tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) or tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). In contrast to TMES, most silylating agents such as hexamethyldisilazane (HMDZ) and trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) have been used for surface modification because of their ability to enhance the hydrophobicity of the aerogel surface. This work examines the silylation effect, which includes increasing hydrophobicity by TMES to determine the possibility of using it as an alternative silylating agent during ambient pressure drying in the synthesis of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel. In addition, the physical properties of sodium silicate-based silica aerogels with silylation under different TMES/TMCS volume ratio are investigated. The physical properties of sodium silicate-based aerogels can be changed by the TMES/TMCS volume ratio during the surface modification step. Aerogels with a high specific surface area (458 m2/g), pore volume (3.215 cm3/g), porosity (92.7%), and contact angle (131.8°) can be obtained TMES/TMCS volume ratio of 40/60. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-330
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 1

Fingerprint

sodium silicates
Aerogels
aerogels
Silicon Dioxide
Silicates
Surface treatment
Silica
Sodium
silicon dioxide
Hydrophobicity
hydrophobicity
Physical properties
physical properties
porosity
Contact angle
Porosity
synthesis
sodium silicate
Specific surface area
drying

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Nah, Ha Yoon ; Parale, Vinayak G. ; Lee, Kyu Yeon ; Choi, Haryeong ; Kim, Taehee ; Lim, Chang Hyun ; Seo, Ji Yeon ; Ku, Yang Seo ; Park, Jae Woo ; Park, Hyung Ho. / Silylation of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel using trimethylethoxysilane as alternative surface modification agent. In: Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology. 2018 ; Vol. 87, No. 2. pp. 319-330.
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abstract = "Trimethylethoxysilane (TMES) has been recognized as a good co-precursor to increase the degree of hydrophobicity during the synthesis of a silica aerogel because of its methyl groups. Therefore, some physical properties of silica aerogels, including the contact angle and porosity, were investigated using TMES as a co-precursor at different molar ratios with the main precursor such as tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) or tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). In contrast to TMES, most silylating agents such as hexamethyldisilazane (HMDZ) and trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) have been used for surface modification because of their ability to enhance the hydrophobicity of the aerogel surface. This work examines the silylation effect, which includes increasing hydrophobicity by TMES to determine the possibility of using it as an alternative silylating agent during ambient pressure drying in the synthesis of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel. In addition, the physical properties of sodium silicate-based silica aerogels with silylation under different TMES/TMCS volume ratio are investigated. The physical properties of sodium silicate-based aerogels can be changed by the TMES/TMCS volume ratio during the surface modification step. Aerogels with a high specific surface area (458 m2/g), pore volume (3.215 cm3/g), porosity (92.7{\%}), and contact angle (131.8°) can be obtained TMES/TMCS volume ratio of 40/60. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].",
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Silylation of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel using trimethylethoxysilane as alternative surface modification agent. / Nah, Ha Yoon; Parale, Vinayak G.; Lee, Kyu Yeon; Choi, Haryeong; Kim, Taehee; Lim, Chang Hyun; Seo, Ji Yeon; Ku, Yang Seo; Park, Jae Woo; Park, Hyung Ho.

In: Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, Vol. 87, No. 2, 01.08.2018, p. 319-330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Silylation of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel using trimethylethoxysilane as alternative surface modification agent

AU - Nah, Ha Yoon

AU - Parale, Vinayak G.

AU - Lee, Kyu Yeon

AU - Choi, Haryeong

AU - Kim, Taehee

AU - Lim, Chang Hyun

AU - Seo, Ji Yeon

AU - Ku, Yang Seo

AU - Park, Jae Woo

AU - Park, Hyung Ho

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N2 - Trimethylethoxysilane (TMES) has been recognized as a good co-precursor to increase the degree of hydrophobicity during the synthesis of a silica aerogel because of its methyl groups. Therefore, some physical properties of silica aerogels, including the contact angle and porosity, were investigated using TMES as a co-precursor at different molar ratios with the main precursor such as tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) or tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). In contrast to TMES, most silylating agents such as hexamethyldisilazane (HMDZ) and trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) have been used for surface modification because of their ability to enhance the hydrophobicity of the aerogel surface. This work examines the silylation effect, which includes increasing hydrophobicity by TMES to determine the possibility of using it as an alternative silylating agent during ambient pressure drying in the synthesis of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel. In addition, the physical properties of sodium silicate-based silica aerogels with silylation under different TMES/TMCS volume ratio are investigated. The physical properties of sodium silicate-based aerogels can be changed by the TMES/TMCS volume ratio during the surface modification step. Aerogels with a high specific surface area (458 m2/g), pore volume (3.215 cm3/g), porosity (92.7%), and contact angle (131.8°) can be obtained TMES/TMCS volume ratio of 40/60. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

AB - Trimethylethoxysilane (TMES) has been recognized as a good co-precursor to increase the degree of hydrophobicity during the synthesis of a silica aerogel because of its methyl groups. Therefore, some physical properties of silica aerogels, including the contact angle and porosity, were investigated using TMES as a co-precursor at different molar ratios with the main precursor such as tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) or tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). In contrast to TMES, most silylating agents such as hexamethyldisilazane (HMDZ) and trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) have been used for surface modification because of their ability to enhance the hydrophobicity of the aerogel surface. This work examines the silylation effect, which includes increasing hydrophobicity by TMES to determine the possibility of using it as an alternative silylating agent during ambient pressure drying in the synthesis of sodium silicate-based silica aerogel. In addition, the physical properties of sodium silicate-based silica aerogels with silylation under different TMES/TMCS volume ratio are investigated. The physical properties of sodium silicate-based aerogels can be changed by the TMES/TMCS volume ratio during the surface modification step. Aerogels with a high specific surface area (458 m2/g), pore volume (3.215 cm3/g), porosity (92.7%), and contact angle (131.8°) can be obtained TMES/TMCS volume ratio of 40/60. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

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