Similarity and disparity of obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia in MR volumetric abnormalities of the hippocampus-amygdala complex

J. S. Kwon, Y. W. Shin, C. W. Kim, Y. I. Kim, T. Youn, M. H. Han, K. H. Chang, J. J. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Given that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia may share clinical symptoms as well as functional brain abnormalities, this study was designed to clarify common and different morphological abnormalities in OCD and schizophrenia. Methods: Volumes of the hippocampus, the amygdala, and the thalamus were measured in three age and sex matched groups of 22 patients with OCD, 22 patients with schizophrenia, and 22 normal subjects using three dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Volume tracing was performed manually on serial coronal slices with the references of sagittal or axial planes using internal landmarks. Results: Hippocampal volume was bilaterally reduced in both OCD and schizophrenic patients versus the normal controls. Left amygdala volume was significantly enlarged in patients with OCD but not in patients with schizophrenia versus the normal controls. The thalamus did not show any volumetric group differences. Conclusions: Non-specific hippocampal reduction in both the OCD and schizophrenic groups is likely to link to a clinical overlap between the two illnesses, whereas the left amygdala enlargement observed only in the OCD patients seems to be suggestive of a unique role for the amygdala in the pathophysiology of OCD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)962-964
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Volume74
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul 1

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Amygdala
Hippocampus
Schizophrenia
Thalamus
Research Design
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brain

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Kwon, J. S. ; Shin, Y. W. ; Kim, C. W. ; Kim, Y. I. ; Youn, T. ; Han, M. H. ; Chang, K. H. ; Kim, J. J. / Similarity and disparity of obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia in MR volumetric abnormalities of the hippocampus-amygdala complex. In: Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 2003 ; Vol. 74, No. 7. pp. 962-964.
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Similarity and disparity of obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia in MR volumetric abnormalities of the hippocampus-amygdala complex. / Kwon, J. S.; Shin, Y. W.; Kim, C. W.; Kim, Y. I.; Youn, T.; Han, M. H.; Chang, K. H.; Kim, J. J.

In: Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, Vol. 74, No. 7, 01.07.2003, p. 962-964.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shin, Y. W.

AU - Kim, C. W.

AU - Kim, Y. I.

AU - Youn, T.

AU - Han, M. H.

AU - Chang, K. H.

AU - Kim, J. J.

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N2 - Objectives: Given that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia may share clinical symptoms as well as functional brain abnormalities, this study was designed to clarify common and different morphological abnormalities in OCD and schizophrenia. Methods: Volumes of the hippocampus, the amygdala, and the thalamus were measured in three age and sex matched groups of 22 patients with OCD, 22 patients with schizophrenia, and 22 normal subjects using three dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Volume tracing was performed manually on serial coronal slices with the references of sagittal or axial planes using internal landmarks. Results: Hippocampal volume was bilaterally reduced in both OCD and schizophrenic patients versus the normal controls. Left amygdala volume was significantly enlarged in patients with OCD but not in patients with schizophrenia versus the normal controls. The thalamus did not show any volumetric group differences. Conclusions: Non-specific hippocampal reduction in both the OCD and schizophrenic groups is likely to link to a clinical overlap between the two illnesses, whereas the left amygdala enlargement observed only in the OCD patients seems to be suggestive of a unique role for the amygdala in the pathophysiology of OCD.

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