Gene therapy is aimed at selectively knocking up or knocking down the target genes involved in the development of diseases. In many human diseases, dysregulation of disease-associated genes is occurred concurrently: some genes are abnormally turned up and some are turned down. In the field of non-viral gene therapy, plasmid DNA (pDNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) are suggested as representative regulation tools for activating and silencing the expression of genes of interest, representatively. Herein, we simultaneously loaded both siRNA (Src homology region 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 siRNA, siSHP-1) for anti-apoptosis and pDNA (hypoxia-inducible vascular endothelial growth factor expression vector, pHI-VEGF) for angiogenesis in a single polymeric nanocarrier and used to synergistically attenuate ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced myocardial infarction, which is mainly caused by dysregulating of cardiac apoptosis and angiogenesis. For dual-modality cardiac gene delivery, siSHP-1 and pHI-VEGF were sequentially incorporated into a stable nanocomplex by using deoxycholic acid-modified polyethylenimine (DA-PEI). The resulting DA-PEI/siSHP-1/pHI-VEGF complexes exhibited the high structural stability against polyanion competition and the improved resistance to digestion by nucleases. The cardiac administration of DA-PEI/siSHP-1/pHI-VEGF reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and enhanced cardiac microvessel formation, thereby reducing infarct size in rat ischemia-reperfusion model. The simultaneous anti-apoptotic and angiogenic gene therapies synergized the cardioprotective effects of each strategy; thus our dual-modal single-carrier gene delivery system can be considered as a promising candidate for treating ischemic heart diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science