In cognitive radio, spectrum sensing is used to find the white spectrum or protect the primary user from interference caused by the secondary user (SU). There are two conventional spectrum sensing approaches: quiet and active. However, these conventional approaches have several problems. In quiet sensing, the quiet period degrades the SU capacity. With active sensing, the SU capacity is also degraded by the need for additional resource consumption and the mismatch in feedback information. In order to mitigate these problems, the structure of simultaneous PU sensing and data transmission is introduced. This structure is equipped with antenna isolation and self-interference cancellation in which the communication and the sensing radios are already assumed to be significantly isolated. This approach is designed so that the SU transmitter can sense PU signals and transmit data signals at the same time by dividing its spatial resources. Expanding on this work, we propose a concept of TranSensing which adaptively uses spatial resource according to the surrounding environments. To effectively use TranSensing, we propose a two-stage algorithm (TSA). Finally, the impact of residual interference on TranSensing is investigated. Simulation results show that TranSensing with TSA enhances the SU capacity over the conventional quiet or active sensing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering