In the present study, the effects of diverse situations of confinement on heat transfer from single and array-circular jet impingements are carefully investigated over various heat transfer regimes of single-phase convection and fully developed nucleate boiling. For the single, circular, unconfined free-surface jet, the transition to turbulence was observed to start around x/d = 5.5 and end around x/d = 9. For the array-circular jet, however, the wall jet structure yielded no transition to turbulence for all the tested cases, instead monotonically decreasing the convection coefficient. Conversely, the single-circular jet experienced the transition for V ≥ 6.1 m/s. For the confined submerged jet, the transition length was very short due to the vigorous mixing driven by lateral velocity components, and the locus of the secondary peak moved downstream as velocity increased. The temperature distributions of the confined array-circular jet were fairly uniform over the whole heated surface. The averaged single-phase convection coefficients indicated that the confined jet provided the most uniform convection in the lateral direction.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||International Journal of Multiphase Flow|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Dec 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes