INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of using bone morphogenetic protein-2 with hydroxyapatite granules (BMP-2/hydroxyapatite) during augmentation of maxillary sinus floor, with respect to changes in volume, relative to conventional bone graft materials. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Twenty of 25 patients in the BMP-2/hydroxyapatite group, and 16 of 33 patients in the conventional materials group met the criteria for inclusion in this study. Computed tomography scans were performed preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at follow-up, approximately 6 months postoperatively. Changes in volume and height of both grafted materials were measured using 3-dimensional reconstruction software; these changes were compared between groups. RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) volumetric changes were 0.25 (0.11) cc and -0.07 (0.35) cc, and the mean rates of volumetric changes were 26.44% (7.78%) and -2.92% (30.92%) in BMP-2/hydroxyapatite and conventional materials groups, respectively. The mean height changes were 0.34 (0.73) mm and -0.63 (1.07) mm, and the mean rates of height changes were 3.67% (7.57%) and -5.95% (9.98%) in BMP-2/hydroxyapatite and conventional materials groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: Compared with the conventional materials group, the BMP-2/hydroxyapatite group showed better maxillary sinus floor augmentation results in terms of volumetric changes and grafted material densities, and can provide predictably reliable outcomes.
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