Objective: To investigate the healing following sinus grafting in sites with a perforated schneiderian membrane repaired using a collagen membrane, compared to control sites without membrane perforation. Materials & Methods: Following elevation of the sinus membrane in 16 rabbits, each sinus was assigned to one of the following groups: (a) intentional schneiderian membrane perforation, followed by the placement of a collagen membrane and bone grafting (group SMP) and (b) bone grafting without a perforation of the schneiderian membrane and without a collagen membrane placement (control group). At 2 and 4 weeks (n = 8 for each time-point), microcomputed tomographic (micro-CT) and histomorphometric analyses were performed. Results: Overall new bone formation in group SMP was significantly delayed compared to the control group at 2 and 4 weeks (1.58 ± 1.25% vs. 9.23 ± 2.69% at 2 weeks, 10.43 ± 3.55 vs. 17.86 ± 4.11% at 4 weeks, p < 0.05). At 2 weeks, new bone formation for the areas close to lateral (1.19 ± 2.02%) and medial sinus bone walls (3.17 ± 1.98%) was markedly delayed in group SMP compared to the control group (13.08 ± 6.13% and 12.75 ± 5.63%, respectively, p < 0.05), but there was no statistical difference in those areas at 4 weeks (p > 0.05). The augmented volumes at 2 and 4 weeks were not statistically significantly different in both groups. Conclusion: The perforation of the schneiderian membrane and the repair using a collagen membrane delayed new bone formation in the augmented sinuses. However, the extension of the collagen membrane on the sinus bone walls was also attributable to this delayed bone formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery