Six major historical earthquakes in the seoul metropolitan area during the joseon dynasty (1392–1910)

Seongjun Park, Inho Baek, Tae Kyung Hong

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Earthquake records in the historical literature provide valuable information on the seismic hazard potentials for long recurrence times. The Seoul metropolitan area is the center of the economy and infrastructure in South Korea. Six major earthquakes that occurred around the Seoul metropolitan area during the Joseon dynasty in 1392–1910 are analyzed using a probabilistic joint inversion method based on seismic damage records and earth-quake-felt reports. The inversion yields sets of event locations and magnitudes with prob-abilities. The joint inversion method is validated with synthetic and instrumentally observed data sets. The historical earthquakes are found to be located around the Seoul metropolitan area. The magnitudes of the earthquakes range from ML 5.3 to 6.8 at the peak probabilistic locations. These historical earthquakes suggest considerable seismic hazard potentials in the Seoul metropolitan area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3037-3049
Number of pages13
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Associate Editor Richard Briggs, Editor-in-Chief Thomas Pratt, and two anonymous reviewers for fruitful review comments. This work was supported by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant Number KMI2018-02910. Additionally, this research was partly supported by the Basic Science Research Program of National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2017R1A6A1A07015374, NRF-2018R1D1A1A09083446).

Publisher Copyright:
© Seismological Society of America.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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