SLAMF1 is often overexpressed in Epstein Barr virus (EBV)-infected B cell tumors. However, its role in the pathogenesis of EBV-infected B cell tumors remains largely unknown. Here, we generated SLAMF1-deficient EBV+ tumor cells and examined the effect of its deficiency on cell proliferation and cell survival. There were no significant differences in cell proliferation and cell cycle distribution for short periods between the SLAMF1-deficient and wild-type cells. However, the deficient cells were more resistant to an AKT inhibitor (MK-2206). When the both cells were co-cultured and repeatedly exposed to the limitations in nutrition and growth factors, the SLAMF1-deficient cells were gradually decreased. We observed that levels of phospho-AKT were differentially regulated according to the nutritional status between the SLAMF1-deficient and wild-type cells. A decrease in phospho-AKT was observed in SLAMF1-deficient cells as well as an increase in pro-apoptotic Bim just before cell passage, which may have been due to the loss of SLAMF1 under poor growth condition. Overall, SLAMF1 is not a strong survival factor, but it seems to be necessary for cell survival in unfavorable growth condition.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2014R1A2A2A01007826). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
© 2020 Yoon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)