BACKGROUND: Obtaining conventional wide surgical margins is challenging in melanomas occurring at anatomically complex sites (e.g., hands and feet). OBJECTIVE: We investigated the potential benefits of slow Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for acral melanomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study investigated 210 patients who underwent slow MMS (n = 66) or wide local excision (WLE, n = 144) for melanomas during 2005 to 2015. Slow MMS was used for melanomas in anatomically complex locations and for high-risk lesions. RESULTS: Acral melanoma (166/210) was the most common lesion observed in patients, in addition to head and neck (21/210) and trunk (23/210) melanomas. Slow MMS was more commonly performed for acral, and head and neck melanomas (32.5% and 52.4%, respectively) than for trunk melanomas (4.3%, p = .002). Local recurrence of acral melanomas occurred in 3.7% of patients after slow MMS and in 10.7% of patients after WLE. Multivariate analysis showed comparable prognostic outcomes between slow MMS and WLE used for acral melanomas. Compared with WLE, slow MMS resulted in a smaller postoperative defect after acral lesion excision (p < .001). CONCLUSION: Slow MMS is an effective alternative to WLE for acral melanomas in anatomically complex sites, as evidenced by superior outcomes and maximum tissue conservation.
|Journal||Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Feb 1|
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Copyright © 2021 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
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