Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate if bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs) regenerate vascular tissues and improve patency in tissue-engineered small-diameter (internal diameter = 3 mm) vascular grafts. Summary Background Data: BMCs have demonstrated the ability to differentiate into endothelial-like cells and vascular smooth muscle-like cells and may offer an alternative cell source for vascular tissue engineering. Thus, we tissue-engineered small-diameter vascular grafts with BMCs and decellularized arteries. Methods: Canine BMCs were differentiated in vitro into smooth muscle a-actin/smooth muscle myosin heavy-chain-positive cells and von Willebrand factor/CD31-positive cells and seeded onto decellularized canine carotid arteries (internal diameter = 3 mm). The seeded grafts were implanted in cell donor dogs. The vascular-tissue regeneration and graft patency were investigated with immunohistochemistry and angiography, respectively. Results: The vascular grafts seeded with BMCs remained patent for up to 8 weeks in the canine carotid artery interposition model, whereas nonseeded grafts occluded within 2 weeks. Within 8 weeks after implantation, the vascular grafts showed regeneration of the 3 elements of artery (endothelium, media, and adventitia). BMCs labeled with a fluorescent dye prior to implantation were detected in the retrieved vascular grafts, indicating that the BMCs participated in the vascular tissue regeneration. Conclusions: Here we show that BMCs have the potential to regenerate vascular tissues and improve patency in tissue-engineered small-diameter vascular grafts. This is the first report of a small-diameter neovessel engineered with BMCs as a cell source.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Annals of surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Mar|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes