Smoke Movement and Evacuation Time in the Arcade of a Traditional Market using Numerical Simulation

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Abstract

This study proposes to analyze the smoke exhausting performance and evacuation time in an arcade of a Korean traditional market. The effect of three types of ventilation opening on smoke exhausting performance was analyzed using the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) method. The ventilation opening delayed the spread of smoke efficiently, and is an important design factor to control smoke movement in arcades. Also the evacuation time was analyzed according to the height of the building and increased significantly with the increase in the number of floors. Given the conditions of the study, the arcade building had to be less than three-stories considering the spread of smoke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-410
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Smoke
simulation
Computer simulation
market
performance
Ventilation
Computational fluid dynamics
time
Simulation
Arcade

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Cultural Studies
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "This study proposes to analyze the smoke exhausting performance and evacuation time in an arcade of a Korean traditional market. The effect of three types of ventilation opening on smoke exhausting performance was analyzed using the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) method. The ventilation opening delayed the spread of smoke efficiently, and is an important design factor to control smoke movement in arcades. Also the evacuation time was analyzed according to the height of the building and increased significantly with the increase in the number of floors. Given the conditions of the study, the arcade building had to be less than three-stories considering the spread of smoke.",
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