Smuggler’s Blues: Examining Why Countries Become Narcotics Transit States Using the New International Narcotics Production and Transit (INAPT) Data Set

Peter F. Trumbore, Byungwon Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


We examine the global determinants of the illicit international narcotics trade and the specific roles that states play in it, a topic understudied by international relations scholars. We develop the first comprehensive global data set of state involvement in international narcotics trafficking and then use the data set to empirically test hypotheses concerning the likelihood of countries to serve as transit states for the transshipment of illicit drugs. We find that more-globalized countries are more likely to act as transit states and that the size of the economy, as well as state corruption and a weak rule of law, are positively related to the probability of acting as a transit state. States with a more stable political environment are also more likely to be transit states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-787
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Interactions
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 20


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Political Science and International Relations

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