Social conflict management framework for project viability: Case studies from Korean megaprojects

Changjun Lee, Jin Woo Won, Woosik Jang, Wooyong Jung, Seung Heon Han, Young Hoon Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Traditionally, conflict management in construction projects has focused on disagreement among internal stakeholders, such as employer, contractors, and subcontractors. However, as social consciousness and personal welfare demands increase, social conflicts among external stakeholders, such as local residents, local and central governments, and NGOs, have become more critical factors in enhancing project viability. In Korea, these conflicts have an impact of US $70 billion annually on social costs. To alleviate social conflicts and costs, this study aims to propose a conflict management framework based on twenty-two representative public construction projects. This study identifies and frames the various causes, impacts, and resolutions of conflicts through the case history of project viability. Through these findings, five types of conflict scenarios were derived: project termination, early mitigation, late mitigation, project enforcement, and late occurrence. Furthermore, this study suggests root causes, pathway of conflict propagation, and characteristics of each conflict scenario, which will assist project stakeholders in developing sustainable management for conflict solutions in line with each project's unique situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1683-1696
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Project Management
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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