Sociodemographic, behavioral, and substance use correlates of reckless driving in the United States

Findings from a national Sample

Michael George Vaughn, Rebecca S. Define, Matt DeLisi, Brian E. Perron, Kevin M. Beaver, Qiang Fu, Matthew O. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the sociodemographic, behavioral, psychiatric, and substance use correlates of three forms of reckless driving using a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. Participants were 43,093 adults from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Interviewers administered the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule - DSM-IV version (AUDADIS-IV). This measure provides extensive sociodemographic data as well as diagnoses for mood, anxiety, personality, and substance use disorders. Reckless driving was significantly associated with male gender, lower levels of income, being born in the U.S., and numerous forms of antisocial behaviors. Fully adjusted models revealed significant effects with respect to substance use disorders across categories of reckless drivers with those having their licenses revoked or suspended being particularly more likely to be diagnosed with antisocial (AOR = 3.35, 95% CI = 2.54, 4.42) and paranoid personality disorder (AOR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.07, 2.29). All three reckless driving groups were more likely to have a family history of antisocial behavior than non-reckless drivers. Study findings provide information from which targeted behavioral interventions can be applied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

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Substance-Related Disorders
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Alcohols
Interviews
Licensure
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Psychiatry
Personality
Appointments and Schedules
Anxiety
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Vaughn, Michael George ; Define, Rebecca S. ; DeLisi, Matt ; Perron, Brian E. ; Beaver, Kevin M. ; Fu, Qiang ; Howard, Matthew O. / Sociodemographic, behavioral, and substance use correlates of reckless driving in the United States : Findings from a national Sample. In: Journal of Psychiatric Research. 2011 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 347-353.
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Sociodemographic, behavioral, and substance use correlates of reckless driving in the United States : Findings from a national Sample. / Vaughn, Michael George; Define, Rebecca S.; DeLisi, Matt; Perron, Brian E.; Beaver, Kevin M.; Fu, Qiang; Howard, Matthew O.

In: Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 45, No. 3, 01.03.2011, p. 347-353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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