Sociodemographic, behavioral, and substance use correlates of reckless driving in the United States: Findings from a national Sample

Michael G. Vaughn, Rebecca S. Define, Matt DeLisi, Brian E. Perron, Kevin M. Beaver, Qiang Fu, Matthew O. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the sociodemographic, behavioral, psychiatric, and substance use correlates of three forms of reckless driving using a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. Participants were 43,093 adults from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Interviewers administered the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule - DSM-IV version (AUDADIS-IV). This measure provides extensive sociodemographic data as well as diagnoses for mood, anxiety, personality, and substance use disorders. Reckless driving was significantly associated with male gender, lower levels of income, being born in the U.S., and numerous forms of antisocial behaviors. Fully adjusted models revealed significant effects with respect to substance use disorders across categories of reckless drivers with those having their licenses revoked or suspended being particularly more likely to be diagnosed with antisocial (AOR = 3.35, 95% CI = 2.54, 4.42) and paranoid personality disorder (AOR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.07, 2.29). All three reckless driving groups were more likely to have a family history of antisocial behavior than non-reckless drivers. Study findings provide information from which targeted behavioral interventions can be applied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
NESARC was funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism with additional support provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The authors are grateful for support from NIH grants: DA021405 and K07CA104119 . The contents of the article are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of the National Institutes of Health.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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