Soft-tissue and cortical-bone thickness at orthodontic implant sites

Hee Jin Kim, Hee Sun Yun, Hyun Do Park, Doo Hyung Kim, Young Chel Park

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Introduction: To obtain sufficient stability of implants, the thickness of the soft tissue and the cortical bone in the placement site must be considered. However, the literature contains few anatomical studies of orthodontic implants. Methods: To measure soft-tissue and cortical-bone thicknesses, maxillae from 23 Korean cadavers were decalcified, and buccopalatal cross-sectional specimens were obtained. These specimens were made at 3 maxillary midpalatal suture areas: the interdental area between the first and second premolars (group 1), the interdental area between the second premolar and the first molar (group 2), and the interdental area between the first and second molars (group 3). Results: In all groups, buccal soft tissues were thickest closest to and farthest from the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and thinnest in the middle. Palatal soft-tissue thickness increased gradually from the CEJ toward the apical region in all groups. Buccal cortical-bone was thickest closest to and farthest from the CEJ and thinnest in the middle in groups 1 and 2. Palatal cortical-bone thickness was greatest 6 mm apical to the CEJ in groups 1 and 3, and 2 mm apical to the CEJ in group 2. Along the midpalatal suture, palatal mucosa remained uniformly 1 mm thick posterior to the incisive papilla. Conclusions: Surgical placement of miniscrew implants for orthodontic anchorage in the maxillary molar region requires consideration of the placement site and angle based on anatomical characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

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