Objectives: To evaluate the histologic and volumetric changes of gingival tissues following grafting with collagen-based matrices at labial aspect of teeth in canines. Materials and Methods: Gingival augmentation was performed in the mandibular incisor area using two types of xenogeneic cross-linked collagen matrices (CCMs), bovine CCM for BCCM group and porcine CCM for PCCM group, whereas the contralateral sides remained untreated (B-control group and P-control group). Descriptive histology, histometric and volumetric analyses were performed after 12 weeks. For statistical comparison between each test group and respective control group, paired t test was used for histometric analysis, and repeated-measured analysis of variance was used for volumetric analysis (p < 0.05). Results: An increased number of rete pegs and an enhanced formation of new blood vessels were observed at both grafted sites compared to the corresponding control sites. There was statistically significant gain of horizontal thickness only in BCCM group (1.36 ± 0.27 mm vs. 1.26 ± 0.34 mm; p < 0.05) compared to the B-control groups. Conclusion: BCCM was effective for gingival augmentation in terms of horizontal thickness at the labial aspect of teeth at 12 weeks post-surgery.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI15C1535).
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