Soil enzyme analysis for leaf litter decomposition in global wetlands

Hojeong Kang, Chris Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enzyme activities (β-glucosidase, N-acetylglucosaminidase, phosphatase, and arylsulfatase) were determined in various wetland soils. Soil samples from 21 locations were analyzed, covering a latitudinal range of 5° to 60° N and four types of wetlands (bog, fen, marsh, and swamp). Overall, the greatest activity was found in swamps, followed by marshes. Bogs and fens exhibited less activity than the other two types of wetlands. It appeared that cool temperature and low quality of litter were the main reasons for such low activity. Mean enzyme activity determined in this study was compared to decomposition rates of leaf litter in the literature. Percentage of mass loss of litter in the first year was highly correlated with mean enzyme activity when we compared values by wetland types. This result suggests that enzymatic analysis can be used as an index for litter decomposition rates in wetlands at a worldwide scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3323-3334
Number of pages12
JournalCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Volume40
Issue number21-22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1

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soil enzymes
leaf litter
plant litter
wetlands
wetland
decomposition
enzyme
degradation
fens
bogs
enzyme activity
swamps
litter
marshes
fen
bog
swamp
soil
marsh
wetland soils

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Enzyme activities (β-glucosidase, N-acetylglucosaminidase, phosphatase, and arylsulfatase) were determined in various wetland soils. Soil samples from 21 locations were analyzed, covering a latitudinal range of 5° to 60° N and four types of wetlands (bog, fen, marsh, and swamp). Overall, the greatest activity was found in swamps, followed by marshes. Bogs and fens exhibited less activity than the other two types of wetlands. It appeared that cool temperature and low quality of litter were the main reasons for such low activity. Mean enzyme activity determined in this study was compared to decomposition rates of leaf litter in the literature. Percentage of mass loss of litter in the first year was highly correlated with mean enzyme activity when we compared values by wetland types. This result suggests that enzymatic analysis can be used as an index for litter decomposition rates in wetlands at a worldwide scale.",
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Soil enzyme analysis for leaf litter decomposition in global wetlands. / Kang, Hojeong; Freeman, Chris.

In: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, Vol. 40, No. 21-22, 01.12.2009, p. 3323-3334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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