Solar cycle variability of hot oxygen atoms at Mars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The population of hot oxygen atoms in the Martian exosphere is reexamined using newly calculated hot O production rates for both low and high solar cycle conditions. The hot oxygen production rates are assumed to result from the dissociative recombination of O2+ ions. These calculations take into account the calculated vibrational distribution of O2+ and the new measured branching ratios. Furthermore, these calculations also consider the variation of the dissociative recombination cross section with the relative speed of the participating ions and electrons, the rotational energy of the O2+ ions, and the spread of the ion and electron velocities. These production rates were next used in a two-stream model to obtain the energy dependent flux of the hot oxygen atoms as a function of altitude. Finally, the calculated flux at the exobase was input into an exosphere model, based on Liouville's theorem, to calculate the hot oxygen densities as a function of altitude in the exosphere and the resulting escape flux. It was found that hot oxygen densities vary significantly over the solar cycle; the calculated densities vary from about 2×103 to 6×103 cm-3 at an altitude of 1000 km. The escape flux also varies from about 3×106 to 9×106 cm-2 c-1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number98JA02727
Pages (from-to)29339-29342
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume103
Issue numberA12
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1

Fingerprint

hot atoms
solar cycles
exosphere
solar cycle
mars
Mars
oxygen atoms
ions
Oxygen
oxygen
Atoms
Ions
Fluxes
ion
escape
electrons
Liouville theorem
recombination
oxygen production
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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abstract = "The population of hot oxygen atoms in the Martian exosphere is reexamined using newly calculated hot O production rates for both low and high solar cycle conditions. The hot oxygen production rates are assumed to result from the dissociative recombination of O2+ ions. These calculations take into account the calculated vibrational distribution of O2+ and the new measured branching ratios. Furthermore, these calculations also consider the variation of the dissociative recombination cross section with the relative speed of the participating ions and electrons, the rotational energy of the O2+ ions, and the spread of the ion and electron velocities. These production rates were next used in a two-stream model to obtain the energy dependent flux of the hot oxygen atoms as a function of altitude. Finally, the calculated flux at the exobase was input into an exosphere model, based on Liouville's theorem, to calculate the hot oxygen densities as a function of altitude in the exosphere and the resulting escape flux. It was found that hot oxygen densities vary significantly over the solar cycle; the calculated densities vary from about 2×103 to 6×103 cm-3 at an altitude of 1000 km. The escape flux also varies from about 3×106 to 9×106 cm-2 c-1.",
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Solar cycle variability of hot oxygen atoms at Mars. / Kim, Jhoon.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 103, No. A12, 98JA02727, 01.01.1998, p. 29339-29342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The population of hot oxygen atoms in the Martian exosphere is reexamined using newly calculated hot O production rates for both low and high solar cycle conditions. The hot oxygen production rates are assumed to result from the dissociative recombination of O2+ ions. These calculations take into account the calculated vibrational distribution of O2+ and the new measured branching ratios. Furthermore, these calculations also consider the variation of the dissociative recombination cross section with the relative speed of the participating ions and electrons, the rotational energy of the O2+ ions, and the spread of the ion and electron velocities. These production rates were next used in a two-stream model to obtain the energy dependent flux of the hot oxygen atoms as a function of altitude. Finally, the calculated flux at the exobase was input into an exosphere model, based on Liouville's theorem, to calculate the hot oxygen densities as a function of altitude in the exosphere and the resulting escape flux. It was found that hot oxygen densities vary significantly over the solar cycle; the calculated densities vary from about 2×103 to 6×103 cm-3 at an altitude of 1000 km. The escape flux also varies from about 3×106 to 9×106 cm-2 c-1.

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