Salinity gradient power (SGP) systems have strong potential to generate sustainable clean electricity for 24 hours. Here, we introduce a solid-salt pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) system using crystal salt powders rather than seawater. Solid salts have advantages such as a small storage volume, controllable solubility, high Gibbs dissolution energy, and a single type of water intake, low pretreatment costs. The power densities with 3 M draw solutions were 11 W/m2 with exothermic energy and 8.9 W/m2 without at 35 bar using a HTI FO membrane (water permeability A = 0.375 L m-2 h-1 bar-1). These empirical power densities are ~13% of the theoretical value.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Water Science and Technology