αKlotho is a type 1 transmembrane anti-aging protein. αKlotho-deficient mice have premature aging phenotypes and an imbalance of ion homeostasis including Ca2+ and phosphate. Soluble αKlotho is known to regulate multiple ion channels and growth factor-mediated phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) signaling. Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) mediated by pore-forming subunit Orai1 and ER Ca2+ sensor STIM1 is a ubiquitous Ca2+ influx mechanism and has been implicated in multiple diseases. However, it is currently unknown whether soluble αKlotho regulates Orai1-mediated SOCE via PI3K-dependent signaling. Among the Klotho family, αKlotho downregulates SOCE while βKlotho or γKlotho does not affect SOCE. Soluble αKlotho suppresses serum-stimulated SOCE and Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel currents. Serum increases the cell-surface abundance of Orai1 via stimulating vesicular exocytosis of the channel. The serum-stimulated SOCE and cell-surface abundance of Orai1 are inhibited by the preincubation of αKlotho protein or PI3K inhibitors. Moreover, the inhibition of SOCE and cell-surface abundance of Orai1 by pretreatment of brefeldin A or tetanus toxin or PI3K inhibitors prevents further inhibition by αKlotho. Functionally, we further show that soluble αKlotho ameliorates serum-stimulated SOCE and cell migration in breast and lung cancer cells. These results demonstrate that soluble αKlotho downregulates SOCE by inhibiting PI3K-driven vesicular exocytosis of the Orai1 channel and contributes to the suppression of SOCE-mediated tumor cell migration.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Medical Research Center Program (2017R1A5A2015369) and the Basic Science Research Program (2019R1A2C1084880, 2017R1D1A3B03031760, and 2015R1D1A1A01060454) through the National Research Foundation of Korea.
© 2021, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Physiology (medical)