CD93 has been shown critical roles in inflammatory and immune diseases. However, in allergic asthma, the potential roles of soluble CD93 (sCD93) have not been well studied. We conducted house dust mite (HDM) stimulation with Der p 1 in BEAS-2B and U937 cells, followed by treatment with dexamethasone or small interfering RNA against CD93. A HDM-induced murine allergic asthma model was also established. We estimated the power of sCD93 to predict allergic asthma in a retrospective post-hoc analysis containing 96 human samples. HDM-stimulated BEAS-2B cells showed increased mRNA expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-33, TSLP, and CD93. The CD93 level in culture supernatants steadily increased for 24 h after allergen stimulation, which was significantly suppressed by both dexamethasone and CD93 silencing. CD93 silencing increased IL-6 and TSLP, but not IL-33 levels in culture supernatants. HDM-induced asthma mice showed significant airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation with Th2 cytokine activation, along with decreased CD93 expression in bronchial epithelial cells and lung homogenates but increased serum CD93 levels. The sCD93 level in asthma patients was significantly higher than that in healthy controls and could predict asthma diagnosis with moderate sensitivity (71.4%) and specificity (82.4%) (AUC = 0.787, P < 0.001). The level of sCD93 which has potential role to predict asthma significantly increased after HDM stimulation via IL-6 and TSLP in vitro and in vivo.
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Dec 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant, funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning) [grant no. 2015R1C1A1A02036533]. The authors thank MID (Medical Illustration & Design) for providing excellent support with medical illustration. MID (Medical Illustration & Design) drew the Figure 7 in this Paper.
© 2020, The Author(s).
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