Single-chain monellin (SCM), which is an engineered 94-residue polypeptide, has been characterized as being as sweet as native two-chain monellin. Data from gel-filtration high performance liquid chromatography and NMR has proven that SCM exists as a monomer in aqueous solution. In order to determine the structural origin of the taste of sweetness, we engineered several mutant SCM proteins by mutating Glu2, Asp7, and Args9 residues, which are responsible for sweetness. In this study, we present the solution structure, backbone dynamics, and stability of mutant SCM proteins using circular dichroism, fluorescence, and NMR spectroscopy. Based on the NMR data, a stable α-helix and five-stranded antiparallel β-sheet were identified for double mutant SCM. Strands β1 and β2 are connected by a small bulge, and the disruption of the first β-strand were observed with SCMDR comprising residues of Ile38-Cys41. The dynamical and folding characteristics from circular dichroism, fluorescence, and backbone dynamics studies revealed that both wild type and mutant proteins showed distinct dynamical as well as stability differences, suggesting the important role of mutated residues in the sweet taste of SCM. Our results will provide an insight into the structural origin of sweet taste as well as the mutational effect in the stability of the engineered sweet protein SCM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology