A solvent-free protocol for the rhodium(I)-catalyzed intermolecular hydroacylation was achieved under microwave irradiation to furnish various ketones in high yields. The reactivity was improved by the addition of aniline as well as 2-amino-3-picoline and benzoic acid to induce a transimination, which facilitates the formation of intermediate aldimine. A comparison of the reactivity between the reaction performed under the conventional heating mode and the microwave irradiation using monomode reactor revealed an important specific microwave effect during the chelation-assisted hydroacylation. It is supposed that the observed specific microwave effect mainly originates from the formation of aldimine by condensation of aldehyde and amine, which leads to a development of charges in the transition state. This result confirms that the rate-determining step of the reaction is the initial condensation step rather than the subsequent hydroiminoacylation step.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 1|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
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