This paper suggests a new sonar mapping method considering the position uncertainty of a mobile robot. Sonar mapping is used for recognizing the unknown environment for a mobile robot during navigation. Usually accumulated position error of a mobile robot causes considerable deterioration of the quality of a constructed map. In this paper, therefore, a new Bayesian probability map construction method is proposed, which considers estimation of the position error of a mobile robot. In this method, we applied approximation transformation theory to estimate the position uncertainty of a real mobile robot, and introduced cell ordering uncertainty caused by the position uncertainty of a robot in cell-based map updating. Through simulation we showed the effect of a robot's position uncertainty on the quality of a reconstructed map. Also, the developed methods were implemented on a real mobile robot, AMROYS-II, which was built in our laboratory and shown to be useful enough in a real environment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering