Sonication-free dispersion of large-area graphene oxide sheets using internal pressure from release of intercalated carbon dioxide

Dae Woo Kim, Daeok Kim, Byung Hyun Min, Huen Lee, Hee Tae Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract A new concept to disperse graphene sheets without sonication, significant size reduction, and any further removal of intercalating materials, is demonstrated using ejection pressure of CO2 gas captured by water molecules dissolved in the interlayer of graphene and the ice structure surrounding it. After graphene oxide (GO) layers are swelled with water molecules, CO2 gas is dissolved in the swelled interlayer of GO. The CO2 gas within the GO layers is well maintained by the transformation of excess water molecules outside of interlayer to solid ice at low temperature (around -30 °C). The resulting CO2-incorporating GOs are well dispersed in various solvents by the ejection pressure of stored CO2 without sonication, and without additional treatment for removal of the intercalating material as surrounding ices spontaneously melt. We show that the lateral length of these well-dispersed GO sheets is 10 times larger than that of GO sheets obtained by the conventional sonication method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9744
Pages (from-to)126-132
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported financially by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP) (No. 2013-059738 , No. 2015R1A2A1A05001844 ), and by the centre for Advanced Soft Electronics under the Global Frontier Research Program (NRF- 2012M3A6A5055744 ). “Recovery of Natural Methane Gas Hydrate from Injection of Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen” project of the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) and the Gas Hydrate R&D Organization.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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