The sonolytic degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) has been investigated at ultrasonic frequency of 20kHz. The observed pseudo-first-order rate constant decreased from 1.25×10-4 to 5.32×10-5s-1as the concentration of MTBE increased from 2.84×10-2 to 2.84×10-1mM. The rate of degradation of MTBE increased with the increase of the power density of ultrasonicator and also with the rise in reactor system temperature. In the presence of oxidising agent, potassium persulphate, the sonolytic rate of degradation of MTBE was accelerated substantially. Tert-butyl formate (TBF) and acetone were found to be the major intermediates of the degradation of MTBE. It is found that the ultrasound/Fe2+/H2O2 method is promising process for the degradation of MTBE. More than 95% degradation of MTBE (2.84×10-2mM) along with its intermediate products has been achieved during the coupled ultrasound/Fe2+/H2O2 method. Hence, the coupled ultrasound/Fe2+/H2O2 may be a viable method for the degradation MTBE within a short period of time than the ultrasound irradiation process only. A kinetic model, based on the initial rates of degradation of MTBE and TBF, provides a good agreement with the experimental results.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by Brain Korea 21 project and the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) through the Advanced Environmental Monitoring Research Center at Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology and Basic Research. Authors are grateful for the financial support.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecological Modelling
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal