Before the 1990s, limited attention had been paid to the socio-demographics of Korea as these were usually overshadowed by the rapid economic growth and political developments in the country. Indeed, by making economic growth the top priority of the political agenda, together with favourable international trade conditions, authoritarian governments prior to the 1990s achieved extraordinary economic growth. From 1960 to 1990, GDP per capita increased from around $1, 200 to around $8, 000 (World Bank 2007). There were also important, but less acknowledged, demographic achievements during this period, which have significant ramifications for the current and future economy and demography in Korea, namely the marked decline in the infant mortality rate and a rise in life expectancy. These changes were said to be due largely to the trickle-down effect of economic growth and improved health conditions, since the social and health policies prior to this development were quite inadequate. However, the birth rate sharply declined in this period not only because of an improvement in socio-economic conditions but also because of a vigorous national family planning programme initiated in 1962 (Kim 2000).
|Title of host publication||Retirement, Work and Pensions in Ageing Korea|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jan 1|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2010 Jae-jin Yang and Thomas R. Klassen.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences(all)